Monday, 20 June 2016

Information Overload and your health - tips to navigate your way through!

At MooGoo we sometimes think that we trade in hope.  And we don’t mean that in a cynical way, because we don’t believe that hope is false.

Big call, we know. 

For us, providing hope means providing options and alternatives. It’s never been easier to feel overwhelmed at the amount of information available to us – a high percentage of it telling us all the things that could negatively affect our health.  It’s not surprising when people think “Everything Gives You Cancer” and give up.  We’re here to say - don't give up.  Here's some pointers that we use, to make sure we don't succumb to the information overwhelm.

1.  Keep Reading

MooGoo Research Cow
MooGoo Research Cow!
It's tempting to simply ignore everything you read - and equally as tempting to read a negative review of something and take it for gospel. We don't recommend either, rather, explore a little more and find alternative viewpoints. Deliberately seek out information that is the opposite to what you've read.  As you do this more often you'll begin to find sources of information that you trust to provide a balanced view of the information.  

Tip: pump up your research by using google scholar instead of plain old google.  Google scholar indexes most peer reviewed studies and online journals, so you can search the same as you would any other google search, however your results will be of higher quality!  

2. Ask Questions

Your reading will inevitably lead to more questions, and quite often you'll want to know where or how a particular ingredient is sourced.  There's nothing wrong with getting in touch with the manufacturer and requesting further information.  If you're comfortable with the answer, that's great, if not, it might be time to look for alternatives.  

Note:  We LOVE your questions.  If you’ve ever got a question about a particular ingredient that we use in MooGoo, please let us know.  Because we put so much emphasis on researching and the quality of our ingredients, most of the Herd at MooGoo will be able to answer your questions - and if we don't know the answer we'll find it for you!

Ask MooGoo

3.  Look for alternatives

Once you've done your research, and read lots of different information, if you find that you’re just not comfortable continuing to use a particular product or ingredient, then look for alternatives.

Sometimes, there might not be a conclusive link between an ingredient and a health problem, but there is enough information to cause you concern.  For instance, there is no conclusive evidence of a link between aluminium in antiperspirants and breast cancer, however we’ve read enough peer reviewed studies to make us look for other options – or in our case, create an alternative!  We discuss the studies more in our post Does Aluminium in Antiperspirants cause Breast Cancer? if you’d like to learn more.

At MooGoo, our ingredient philosophy is to utilise natural, non-irritating ingredients, as close to food as possible (in the event they’re accidentally ingested, since lots of our customers are babies and infants!).  This means we spend a lot of time looking for alternatives to commonly used ingredients that aren’t in line with our philosophy. 

Take synthetic preservatives used in most skincare – parabens and formaldehyde donors.  They’re super effective at preventing bacteria and very cost effective too – but they don’t meet our ingredient philosophy.  So we had no option but to find an alternative.  It took more than a year to find that alternative, but finally we developed a preservation system based on Hops Extract – aka Humulus Lupulus – and it works!  All our creams have now been checked for preservative efficacy using the British Pharmacopeia test. It’s exciting that we are probably one of the first companies to develop this natural and edible anti-bacterial system into our creams.

Check out this short video for more info about preservatives in skincare:

Note: Not all of our efforts at creating alternatives have been successful.   With MooGoo, if we can't create a good quality product that works effectively, using ingredients in line with our philosophy, we just won't make it! This includes washing up liquid & laundry powder (our plant based cleansers just don't bubble as well as the chemical version - SLS).

Here's hoping this will help you in making decisions about products you and your loved ones use.  For our seasoned researchers - please feel free to share your top tips for navigating through lots of health information.

These are some of the other information sources we know and love:

Dr Karl - he knows lots about science stuff, and tends to answer questions on Twitter.
Lab Muffin - the Science of beauty explained. Michelle has a Phd in Chemistry, and tells it as she sees it -  we love that!

Monday, 6 June 2016

When to use Antibacterial Cleansers.

Have you herd of the hygiene hypothesis. The hygiene hypothesis says a child's environment can be "too clean," and the lack of exposure to germs does not give the immune system a chance to develop resistance to diseases. So the hygiene hypothesis suggests exposure to a wide range of micro orgamisms helps train the immune system so that it does not react inappropriately to various allergens. Lack of exposure, according to some, may increase the risk of asthma, eczema and hay fever.

But, some germs can make a person sick. The conflict between cleanliness and exposure can leave parents feeling confused. There are many microbes that can make children very sick, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), E.coli and salmonella. What should we be exposed to and what should we be protected from?

Close up of Bacteria:  Image Credit: AJ Cann, Flickr

The US Centre for Disease Control recommends regularly cleaning and disinfecting surfaces in the home, especially when surfaces have been contaminated by fecal matter or meat or have come in contact with those who have a virus. Children are also encouraged, though, to play outside, even if they may get dirty in the process. This balancing act may prove to help children stay healthy while still developing a healthy immune system. 

However, it is a complicated and controversial area.

There are many anti-bacterial cleansers. Most are alcohol based, or use ingredients such as Triclosan. These are effective but…

Like almost all of our MooGoo, the Antibacterial Hand Moisturiser we formulated was as a result of feedback from our customers.  In this case, we discovered that lots of nurses and others working in the health care field suffered skin problems due to the ongoing use of alcohol based antibacterial cleansers.  It seemed pretty unfair that those who help take care of our health, suffer as a result.  So we set about creating an effective alternative solution.

270ml for home.
It took a couple of years to get it right.  Alcohol based antibacterial solutions certainly kill bacteria, along with all the natural oils that keep your skin soft and hydrated!  Another antibacterial ingredient is Triclosan, commonly found in household products.  We read some concerning research, which indicated that it was no more effective than washing with soap and water and may cause other problems related to bacterial resistance, and ecotoxicity.  Let’s be honest – we were never seriously considering this one anyway, the name itself sounds dastardly, and is totally not our natural vibe!

Enter, essential oils!  Over the years we’ve stayed away from them in our formulations.  Not because we don’t like them, it’s just that they can be allergy triggers for some of our customers with sensitive skin.  In this case though, essential oils turned out to be the best option.  We use a blend of 5 EO’s each targeting different types of bacteria.
  • Thymus Vulgaris – aka Thyme Oil (it’s not vulgar at all, by the way)
  • Melaleuca Alternifolia – aka Tea Tree Oil
  • Citrus Sinensis – aka Orange Oil
  • Citrus Limonum – aka Lemon Oil
  • Rosmarimus – aka Rosemary Oil

It works!  We put it to the test in an independent time kill study (details below)

We're pretty proud of our Certificate!

What was just as exciting for us, was that when we sent it out to our Volunteer testers (a bunch of Nurses no less) they liked it – many said they’d prefer to use it over their existing hand sanitiser.  Read what they had to say.

100ml for Travel
Unless, like our Nurses you need to constantly wash and sanitise your hands, we don’t advocate that you use it 20 times an hour.  We do hope it will be something that you can keep handy, when your life (or your kids) get a little too messy!

Here are a couple of situations you might find yourself in, where you’ll probably be extremely thankful that you’ve got your Antibacterial Hand Moisturiser handy:

  •  Music Festivals.  Even if you’ve got a high tolerance for grossness, a music festival “toilet” at 10pm will truly test your limits.  There won’t be any water for washing your hands so just get on with it as best you can, and then get out of there as fast as you can.  When you’re a safe distance away (at least 100 metres!) cover your hands in Antibacterial and try to forget. 
  • Family Reunions. We LOVE our family.  Even our long lost Aunt who insists that we hold her lapdog that doesn’t seem to have been washed in 5 years (perhaps we should send her some Dr Zoo!) while she takes a “good long look at you”.  Not to mention your cousin’s messy little rugrat!  Sometimes families are icky.  Smooth on some Antibacterial, get those cheeks ready to be squeezed, and soldier on!  
  • Special Nights out.  We all have at least one friend who will insist on hiring a “male entertainer” (ok, let’s not be coy, we’re talking about a stripper) to help us celebrate our impending nuptials or milestone birthday.  Whether we like it or not.  And as it’s our night, we’ll have the dubious honour of rubbing in the baby oil. We won’t be able to get out of it.  But when it’s over we’ll have our Antibacterial to help take away the baby oil, stripper sweat and that lingering sense of embarrassment.
  • Travelling. Especially after handling currency. You will be amazed at what a difference not feeling sick can make to your Instagram selfies. 

Got a sticky situation to add to the list?  Tell us in the comments below.

Are you a nurse or medical practitioner in Australia?  If so, please email us for some samples to be sent to your practice or hospital (Mention this blog in your email).  

Monday, 27 April 2015


MooGoo Skin Care Hyperpimentation
We think freckles are cute. :)


Pigmentation is the natural colouring of our skin and is caused by melanin, a substance within our bodies. Hyperpigmentation is, as the name implies, crazy pigmentation. It occurs when the body is producing an excess of melanin which causes the skin to darken more than its normal colouring, for example freckles or sunspots. 


Well, there's a range of things such as sun exposure, certain medications, fragrances and perfumes, genetics and ageing. Hyperpigmentation is harmless but for some, it can heavily affect self-esteem. 

Hyperpigmentation MooGoo Brightening Cream
MooGoo Brightening Cream


There are many topical and laser treatments on the market that claim to help fade hyperpigmentation. But these treatments can be costly and there are always risks involved, particularly with laser treatments. Many involve bleaching agents which may not be good for the skin long term. After receiving many requests from customers for a healthy, natural alternative, we got to work. 

A few years ago, we developed a product called MooGoo Brightening Cream. This Cream has a natural, healthy moisturiser base made up of our favourite skin healing oils, such as olive oil, apricot oil and rice bran oil. Within this base, we have mixed in three powerful natural brightening ingredients that gradually lighten the skin tone and fade hyperpigmentation. These include:
MooGoo Brightening Cream Hyperpigmentation
Field Dock Plant

1) Alpha Arbutin 

This ingredient is derived from the field dock plant. It is purified to increase effectiveness and arrives to us as a white powder which we then mix into the natural moisturiser base. 

Indian Gooseberry
2) Emblica 

This is derived from Indian Gooseberry and is also used in some anti-ageing creams because as well as brightening the skin, it is also an excellent antioxidant. 

Brightening Cream MooGoo Hyperpigmentation
Super Vitamin C
3) Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate (Super Vitamin C)

One of our all time favourite ingredients! Vitamin C is one of the best antioxidants and brightening agents out. But vitamin C is normally soluble in water, not oil. This means if you lather vitamin C on your skin, it will just sit on top of the skin's natural oils and not actually reach the skin. So we have found an oil soluble version of vitamin C which we use in our products so it can mix with the natural oils of the skin and penetrate through to reach the skin. 

So for customers wanting to fade their hyperpigmentation without having to use expensive topical treatments or laser, we would advise using this Cream as a daily moisturiser in conjunction with our Super Vitamin C Eye Serum (pre-moisturiser). This serum is a pure, nourishing and highly concentrated serum made up of three simple ingredients: ascorbyl tetraisopalmitate (vitamin C), vitamin E and olive squalene. Due to its high concentration of vitamin C, this serum is particularly good for pigmentation. 

Anyways, we thought to write this post because the other day we received an email from one of our customers Lindsay that is just too lovely not to share: 

"Just thought you would like to see the results of your Brightening Cream. I have been using it every night ... and I think the results speak for themselves. I have a lot of MooGoo products and love it!! Very happy as I was going to get laser treatment but thought I would try your cream first. Thanks again."

Hyperpigmentation Brightening Cream MooGoo
Brightening Cream Before and After

By Daniella de Azevedo

Thursday, 13 November 2014

Movember for the Moustache-less

As you might have noticed from all the guys walking around growing moustaches, it is Movember. We want to support men's health too, but being a nearly all-female office who can't grow moustaches (or don't want to admit we can :)) we came up with an idea. We're making our own moisturiser moustaches - a fun way us ladies (and kids) can get involved in the Movember craze and easy enough to slip into our morning beauty regime. 

If you can't grow a moustache but would like to support this great cause, join us by uploading a photo of your moisturiser moustache to our website, Facebook or Instagram with the tag #MOOvember. For every person to upload a moisturiser moustache photo, we will donate $1 to The Movember Foundation up to $500 until end of November. The hashtag is really important because it will help us track how many photos have been uploaded and we will also be collecting all the photos for the online gallery on our website... check it out here:

Thanks everyone and we look forward to seeing your moustache! ;)

Monday, 21 April 2014

Why this cream is as good for you as a glass of red wine

Anti-ageing promises seem to be becoming more far-fetched each year. Products that claim to incorporate DNA from different animal kingdoms into human anti-ageing (jellyfish DNA and apple stem cells for example... and we're not kidding!), so called topical botox creams (there is a reason why botox is usually injected) and face lifting creams? The anti-ageing industry is largely characterised by some very creative marketing. 

There are however many topical anti-ageing actives with strong peer reviewed evidence for keeping the skin youthful and healthy. They may not sound as exotic as apple stem cells or jellyfish DNA, but they do have a much stronger scientific foundation. 

Resveratrol MooGoo Anti Ageing
Red wine and grapes -
excellent sources of


It's been said a glass of red wine a night is the secret to a long life and may prevent cancer. This is all thanks to its antioxidants, especially one in particular - resveratrol. Resveratrol is the latest breakthrough compound found in red grape skin which gives wine its deep, rich colour and exceptional antioxidant properties. Resveratrol is the reason it has become socially acceptable, if not encouraged, to treat yourself to a glass of red a night. It's also found in peanuts, dark chocolate and blueberries. 

But resveratrol's healing benefits don't stop there. University studies have found that topically, resveratrol is an incredibly strong antioxidant that helps maintain youthful skin. In fact, topical resveratrol (i.e. applied to the skin) may be one of the best methods of gaining the therapeutic effects of this antioxidant (read more on this here). 

Dietary benefits of resveratrol include: 
  • Cancer prevention. According to this 2009 US study, resveratrol helps fight the three stages of carcinogenesis (the development of cancer). 
  • It is a cardioprotective which means it helps protect the heart, as found in this 2006 study
  • It helps prevent Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and other neurological disorders, as discussed in this Australian study.  

Topical (and dietary) resveratrol is also excellent for anti-ageing: 
  • It helps protect against UV damage, a leading cause of ageing. You can read more here
  • It helps slow the ageing process. It has been found that resveratrol stimulates a group of enzymes called sirtuins whose job is to control several processes that cause ageing. 
  • It increases mitochondrial function (dubbed the 'powerhouse of the cell' the mitochondria is responsible for producing the cell's energy) according to this Australian study. As you can imagine, the more energy a cell has, the healthier and longer it will survive. 
  • It acts as an anti-inflammatory as explained in this 2010 study. Inflammation is the body's response to irritants, damaged cells or pathogens and can lead to ageing of the skin. 
  • It is an exceptional antioxidant as seen in this study. You know how freshly cut apples turn brown pretty quickly? That's oxidisation. The same thing happens to our skin which causes ageing. This is why it is very important to use antioxidants (both topically and in your diet) to mop up the harmful, unwanted oxygen molecules that cause skin oxidisation. 
Skin oxidisation
Apple oxidisation

Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate ("Super Vitamin C")

Another great natural antioxidant is ascorbyl tetraisopalmitate (a type of oil soluble vitamin C). This is the best and most expensive form of the vitamin C antioxidant available. Here's a summary on all its benefits which you can read in more detail here
Vitamin C MooGoo Anti Ageing
Dietary sources of vitamin C

  • It encourages cell growth or proliferation 
  • It promotes collagen synthesis
  • It prevents skin oxidisation 
  • It prevents skin cell damage 
  • It protects the skin from UVA and UVB damage 
  • It helps the appearance of pigmentation 

Something to keep in mind when picking anti-ageing products... To protect the skin, there is a layer of sebum (oil) that acts like a shield. It blocks most things from reaching the skin and it also prevents your body from losing too much water. Topical antioxidants won't do much good if they can't get through the skin's sebum. 

Because of the countless benefits of these two powerful antioxidants, we have used them in their full concentration in our Anti-Ageing Face Cream. Afterall, we believe moist, supple skin that is nourished with antioxidants and vitamins is much healthier than skin subjected to acids, temporary plumping agents, chemical line fillers or another animal's DNA. Our Anti-Ageing Face Cream is designed to maintain youthful skin by keeping the skin in a healthy state rather than short term miracles that might cause long-term damage.

Also look out for silicones in your creams. Silicones (you will see them on the label as Dimethicone or Cyclomethicone or similar) make a cream very smooth and slippery on the skin. However, it also forms a silicone barrier, preventing any antioxidants within the cream from reaching the skin and so these are essentially wasted. That is why we do not use silicones in any of our products (silicones also make the hair smooth and slippery, but soon build up on the scalp making the hair lank.)

Botox Creams? 
Some anti-ageing creams make claim that they will offer the same effects as a botox injection. For this to happen, the ingredients would need to reach the muscles. Hmmm, we aren't too convinced...

MooGoo Anti Ageing Skin Layers
Skin layers
The skin is designed to keep things OUT of the body. It is your body's shield. For a topical botox cream to work, it would firstly need to make it through the skin's sebum. After that it would need to travel through several skin layers and subcutaneous fat before it can reach the muscle (see diagram on the right.) 
Topical creams will usually only get to the very top later of the skin (if it contains oil soluble ingredients) but won't make it any further so don't believe the hype behind such products. This is the very reason why botox is injected into the skin, not applied topically. 

2014's Anti-Ageing Trends

We couldn't help ourselves but have a little laugh after reading some of the supposed anti-ageing beauty trends to watch out for this year. Our favourites were...
  • Jellyfish DNA which involves lathering on the DNA of a jellyfish that never ages (no matter how much jellyfish DNA used doesn't mean our human DNA will suddenly morph with it.)
  • Bee venom, dubbed the 'ultimate natural alternative to botox' which will apparently 'revive the look of mature and stressed skin'. Once again, topical creams can't reach the muscles and so we're still wondering how this works exactly. 
It is important to look a little deeper into what you're using for your skin to avoid long term damage or wasting money on false promises. We urge everyone to check the evidence behind ingredients on Google Scholar instead of basing decisions on the marketing. There is no requirement for companies to back up claims made about products so the world is really their oyster. 

Do you have any credible anti-ageing tips or know of some excellent antioxidants? What is the most far-fetched anti-ageing tip you've heard? Let us know in the comments below. :)

Wednesday, 29 January 2014

To be organic or not to be?

Some of the most common questions we get asked are...

"Are you certified organic?" or 
"Are your ingredients organic?" or 
"Why aren't you certified organic?"

It seems virtually everything these days is 'Certified Organic' from apples to hair sprays, but this is a trend that we have resisted. 

To gain the Australian Certified Organic label, skin care products must follow standards set aside by the respective certifying body which ensures that a certain percentage of ingredients have been grown without toxins or other chemical inputs. 
For consumers, such a label creates the notion that the products are higher quality and healthier. 

So why is the organic logo not of interest to MooGoo?

Organic certification can be very useful when it comes to unprocessed food to ensure it is free of pesticides and not genetically modified. However, when it comes to skin care, ingredients are usually refined in order to draw out the pure oils and other cosmetic grade ingredients. Impurities and unwanted components are filtered out which means they become free of pesticides. Cosmetic grade ingredients, whether natural, organic or synthetic, need to be delivered with purity standards. 

We have instead chosen to focus on natural, edible ingredients based on how much they help the skin rather than whether or not they get the tick of approval by organic certifying bodies. Natural is almost always best in our opinion. However, just because an ingredient is natural doesn't  mean it is necessarily safe and effective. For those with eczema and other skin problems, some natural ingredients just aren't suitable in our opinion. 

Tea Tree Oil

Tea Tree for example is a wonderful antibacterial essential oil, but can be extremely sensitising for some when applied to the skin so it's not something suited to our products which are designed for those with sensitive skin. There may be some synthetic alternatives less irritating that perform the same function. Quite a few essential oils are not safe for pregnant women and of course many natural ingredients are actually quite toxic if ingested, whether they are organic or not. At MooGoo, we try and chose ingredients that are effective, not sensitising for most people and are safe when ingested. 

There are many excellent certified organic brands out there and we think it is great that there has been a shift towards the use of chemical-free cosmetics in Australia. For our particular brand which focuses on natural products for babies and adults with skin problems or very sensitive skin, organic certification would not offer any extra improvement over what we already do. For us it is much more important to focus on the ingredients themselves rather than whether or not the supplier has contributed to an organic labelling scheme. 

What do you think? Let me know below. :)

By Daniella De Azevedo 

Tuesday, 26 November 2013

Food allergies driving you nuts?

We were talking to a mum the other day who said that during her first pregnancy she ate plenty of eggs and her child was born with an egg allergy. Yes, may be a coincidence... but during her second pregnancy she took fish oil supplements and her baby was born with an allergy to fish. Yes, this may still be a coincidence but it did prompt lots of talk in the office about food allergies. 

"4.1 million Australasians have at least one allergic disease."

This is a frightening statistic by the Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA) this year. An allergy is the immune system's response to a particular substance, which is mistakenly identified as toxic. This can literally be anything such as food, airborne particles, skin care products, medications or insect venom. The 2013 ASCIA report found that food allergies, particularly among children, are on the rise. Here are some other interesting facts released by the organisation: 

  • Allergy and immune diseases are 2 of the most rapidly growing chronic conditions in Australia 
  • 10% of infants in Australia have a food allergy 
  • Over the past 20 years, hospital admissions for anaphylaxis (most severe and potentially life threatening type of allergic reaction) have increased 4-fold 
  • ASCIA predicts that by 2050, the number of Australians with an allergy will increase by 70% (to 7.7 million people) as seen in the below chart

Is this rise in allergies thanks to a better healthcare system and easier methods of detecting allergies, OR is there more to it? There are so many interesting different food allergy theories floating around which I thought I'd share. 

Hygiene theory 

The base of this theory is that food allergies have come about due to a lack of microbial exposure ... in simpler terms we have become too clean for our own good. It was founded by David Strachan. 

Over the years, humans have worked to live in a sterile, clean environment and thanks to modern hygiene tools, we have done just that. Next time you walk through the detergent aisle of the supermarket, take a look at how many products say "Cleans 99% of germs." This theory suggests that by living in such an environment, we aren't exposing infants and toddlers (whose immune systems are still developing) to bad bacteria and germs. This means their immune systems aren't being taught what to attack and what is good and healthy. It then mistakes harmless things as invaders which need to be attacked and viola they are left with an allergy. 

Now this is not to say we should be living in a pig sty. But Strachan suggests we shouldn't sit in the other extreme either and allow children to 'explore' nature sometimes. Probiotics can be a way to introduce the body's immune system to a broad range of friendly bacteria. 

** Did you know? There are more bacteria cells in your body than human ones.

Lack of exposure to allergens AKA 'peanut allergy theory'

This was a theory mentioned to me by a doctor I know which suggests that allergies develop by not exposing infants to common allergens from an early age. Early consumption of peanuts in infancy is associated with a low prevalence of peanut allergy compared peanut allergies in UK Jewish children and Israeli children. In Israel, children consume peanuts from their first year of life whereas in the UK, it is recommended parents avoid giving children peanuts until later on in life as they are such a common allergen (this is also the case for North America and Australia). However, the study found that peanut allergies were actually more prevalent in Jewish children from the UK compared to Israeli children. 

Interestingly, this 2008 study looked at whether or not peanut allergies in children has anything to do with whether or not the mother consumed peanuts, or foods containing peanuts, during pregnancy or lactation. It found that a child was more likely to develop a peanut allergy if their mother consumed peanuts more than once a week throughout pregnancy compared to those whose mothers only consumed peanuts less than once a week during pregnancy. The study states "[Peanut allergy] is more likely to occur if mothers eat peanuts more frequently during pregnancy and introduce it early to the infant's diet."

This goes to show that our knowledge of what triggers allergies is still incomplete. 

The Western diet theory 

As the name implies, this theory suggests the Western diet is to blame for the rise in food allergies in first world countries. This diet, which is largely compromised of sugars, animal fats and calorie-dense foods, has resulted in less diversity of gut flora and good bacteria in the stomach. A study from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America compared the Western diets of European children to those of children from a rural African village where the diet was very similar to that of early human settlement hundreds of years ago. They found vast differences in the gut flora and bacteria between the two groups. In European children that consumed a Western diet, where diversity of gut flora and bacteria was minimal, there was also a higher prevalence of food allergies compared to the rural African village. 

The vitamin D theory 

Research is beginning to unveil a link between a lack of vitamin D and food allergies among children. Along with strengthening our bones, vitamin D is also known for boosting the immune system too. According to a study by Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Australian infants that are vitamin D deficient were 3 times more likely to have a food allergy. The odd thing about this was it is only relevant for Australian infants. It also found that those living further from the equator had a higher chance of developing a food allergy. What makes researchers even more convinced with this theory is that over the years, Australians have become more conscious of sun protection (staying indoors, wearing sunscreen and hats, etc.) which has led to a deficiency in vitamin D. This decline in vitamin D exposure is paralleled to a rise in allergies across Australia. 

Antibiotics and allergies 

Long courses of antibiotics can kill good gut flora and allow an over proliferation of bad gut flora. These can produce toxins and make us more prone to allergies. Antibiotics are essential tools to manage disease, but must be taken with care (as advised by your doctor). Apparently, the use of antibiotics in early childhood is linked to higher chances of developing allergies or asthma (according to this 2000 study). This is partly to do with the young immune system not being given the chance to determine what to attack and what is good and healthy as the antibiotics kill off the 'invaders' as well as the good bacteria. 

There are so many food allergy theories out there and I could literally go on for ages. These are the ones that I found the most interesting but if you know of any theories, please share them in the comments below. :) 

By Daniella De Azevedo